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Books by and about 2020 presidential candidates
Crippled America,
by Donald J. Trump (2015)
by Cory Booker (2016)
The Truths We Hold,
by Kamala Harris (2019)
Smart on Crime,
by Kamala Harris (2010)
Guide to Political Revolution,
by Bernie Sanders (2017)
Where We Go From Here,
by Bernie Sanders (2018)
Promise Me, Dad ,
by Joe Biden (2017)
Conscience of a Conservative,
by Jeff Flake (2017)
Two Paths,
by Gov. John Kasich (2017)
Every Other Monday,
by Rep. John Kasich (2010)
Courage is Contagious,
by John Kasich (1998)
Shortest Way Home,
by Pete Buttigieg (2019)
The Book of Joe ,
by Jeff Wilser (2019; biography of Joe Biden)
by Michelle Obama (2018)
Our Revolution,
by Bernie Sanders (2016)
This Fight Is Our Fight,
by Elizabeth Warren (2017)
Higher Loyalty,
by James Comey (2018)
The Making of Donald Trump,
by David Cay Johnston (2017)
Books by and about the 2016 presidential election
What Happened ,
by Hillary Clinton (2017)
Higher Loyalty ,
by James Comey (2018)
Trump vs. Hillary On The Issues ,
by Jesse Gordon (2016)
Hard Choices,
by Hillary Clinton (2014)
Becoming ,
by Michelle Obama (2018)
Outsider in the White House,
by Bernie Sanders (2015)

Book Reviews

(from Amazon.com)

(click a book cover for a review or other books by or about the presidency from Amazon.com)

1994, 1996, 1997, and 1998 National Political Awareness Test, by Project Vote Smart

 OnTheIssues.org excerpts:  (click on issues for details)
    Jim Rubens: Legal availability but no state funding.
    Catherine Hanaway: Waiting periods; parental notification; & other restrictions.
    Charlie Crist: Prohibit partial-birth abortion.
    Charlie Wilson: Legal abortion only for incest, rape, or life of woman.
    Colin Bonini: No abortion funding; no partial-birth abortions.
    Jay Nixon: Prohibit partial-birth abortion.
    Jeff Merkley: Abortions should always be legally available.
    John Bohlinger: Prohibit partial-birth abortion & funding abortion clinics.
    John Kitzhaber: Abortions always legally available, & government funded.
    Kenny Guinn: Prohibit partial-birth abortion; support Parental consent.
    Mark Takano: Legal abortions in all circumstances in first trimester.
    Matt Blunt: Abortions only for incest, rape, or maternal life.
    Paul Sadler: No funding; no second trimester; no partial-birth.
    Barack Obama: Supports Roe v. Wade.
    George W. Bush: Encourage fewer abortions via adoption & abstinence.
    Jeb Bush: Restrict abortions to incest, rape, & health.
    John McCain: Restrict abortions; no partial-birth; no public funding.
    Rick Lazio: First trimester abortion OK; partial birth not.
    Tom Ridge: Allow abortions, with limits; no partial-birth.
    Bev Perdue: Legal abortion in first trimester of pregnancy.
    Bob Schaffer: Oppose taxpayer financed abortions; support waiting periods.
    Brian Schatz: Abortions should be legally available, and funded.
    Dean Barkley: Legal abortion in all circumstances in first trimester.
    Kate Brown: Abortions should always be legally available.
    Mary Landrieu: Supports right to choose & Roe v. Wade.
    Steve Beshear: Supports Roe v. Wade.
    Steve Sisolak: Keep abortion legal in first trimester.
    Wayne Stenehjem: Supports waiting periods and parental notification.
    Bob Smith: Abortions limited to endangered mother.
    Dennis Kucinich: Life begins at conception.
    Lamar Alexander: Abortion is wrong - let states restrict it.
    Nancy Farmer: Make abortions legally available including funding.
    Harry Browne: The federal government should have no role in the matter.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Legal abortion in all first-trimester circumstances.
Budget & Economy
    Larry Pressler: Priority to balance the federal budget and reduce taxes.
    Colin Bonini: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
    Ernie Fletcher: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
    Jeb Bush: Supports constitutional balanced budget amendment.
    John Bohlinger: Loans for businesses; funds for job training & rural roads.
    George W. Bush: Tax financing of sports stadiums ok, after vote.
    George W. Bush: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
    John McCain: List of budgetary spending priorities.
    John McCain: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
    John McCain: Apply surplus to Social Security, Medicare, tax cuts & debt.
    Bill Richardson: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
    John Kasich: Require balanced budget; block grant everything to states.
    Kate Brown: Fund infrastructure; start-up businesses; and job retraining.
    Roy Cooper: Fund infrastructure, start-ups, and job re-training.
    Bob Smith: Supports Balanced Budget Amendment.
    Bob Smith: Fund more education, enviro, Medicare, & student loans.
    Bob Smith: Block grants to states for most federal programs.
    Harry Browne: Amendment: Limit spending to prior year’s revenue.
    Harry Browne: Against block grants; repeal income tax instead.
    Harry Browne: Priorities: cut budget; repeal income tax; pay off debt.
Civil Rights
    Jim Rubens: Prosecute discrimination but end affirmative action.
    Catherine Hanaway: No affirmative action in state employment or contracting.
    Catherine Hanaway: No same-sex marriage; no gay hate crime laws.
    Charlie Crist: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    Charlie Wilson: Supports affirmative action for state agencies & colleges.
    Colin Bonini: Don't recognize same-sex marriage.
    Ed Perlmutter: Affirnative action needed at colleges but not state agencies.
    Ed Perlmutter: No same-sex marriage, but allow equal benedifts.
    Ernie Fletcher: No quotas for affirmative action.
    Gary Johnson: No affirmative action in college admissions nor state jobs.
    Jeff Merkley: Apply affirmative action to state hiring.
    John Bohlinger: No anti-gay discrimination, but no same-sex marriage.
    John Bohlinger: Undecided on affirmative action at state institutions.
    John Kitzhaber: Maintain affirmative action in colleges & state hiring.
    John Kitzhaber: Recognize same-sex marriages.
    Kenny Guinn: Affirmative action in state contracts and colleges.
    Kenny Guinn: Include sexual orientation in anti-discrimination laws.
    Kenny Guinn: Opposes recognizing same-sex marriages.
    Lois Frankel: Affirmative action in state hiring and college.
    Mark Schauer: Supports affirmative action.
    Matt Blunt: No affirmative action in state contracts nor colleges.
    Matt Blunt: No same-sex marriage; no gay discrimination laws.
    Mike Rounds: No affirmative action in state contracts nor colleges.
    Newt Gingrich: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    Paul Sadler: No same-sex marriage; no hate crime definition for gays.
    Paul Sadler: No affirmative action in state government decisions.
    Robert Bentley: End affirmative action for colleges & state contracts.
    Barack Obama: Supports affirmative action in colleges and government.
    Barack Obama: Include sexual orientation in anti-discrimination laws.
    George W. Bush: Against quotas; for affirmative reaching out.
    George W. Bush: No gay anti-discrimination laws; no same-sex marriages.
    Jeb Bush: Supports Affirmative Action; against quotas.
    Jeb Bush: No hate-crimes status for gays; no gay marriage.
    John McCain: Affirmative action OK for specific programs, but no quotas.
    Tom Ridge: Opposes Affirmative Action.
    Tom Ridge: No special gay laws; no gay marriage.
    Evan Bayh: Continue affirmative action programs without quotas.
    Jim Bunning: Discontinue affirmative action programs.
    Michael Crapo: Continue affirmative action programs without quotas.
    Jim McGreevey: Consider race and sex in making state contract decisions.
    Bev Perdue: Increase efforts to integrate state colleges.
    Bev Perdue: Don’t include sexual orientation in anti-discrimination laws.
    Bill Richardson: Supports minority preferences for government contracts.
    Bill Schuette: No same-sex marriage; no LGBT anti-discrimination laws.
    Bob Schaffer: No quotas; no federal affirmative action.
    Dean Barkley: Supports federal affirmative actions programs.
    Dino Rossi: Prosecute cases of discrimination in public & private sector.
    Dino Rossi: No same-sex marriage; no orientation in anti-discrimination.
    Kate Brown: Prosecute discrimination cases; support affirmative action.
    Rick Weiland: Prosecute discrimination in both public & private sectors.
    Rodney Davis: No affirmative action.
    Steve Beshear: Supports affirmative actions programs.
    Steve Sisolak: Don't recognize same-sex marriage.
    Steve Sisolak: Prosecute against discrimination.
    Steve Stockman: Affirmative actions programs only ok without quotas.
    Wayne Stenehjem: No same-sex marriage; no hate-crime laws for gays.
    Bob Smith: Supports school prayer.
    Dennis Kucinich: Focus on jobs instead of pitting people against each other.
    Lamar Alexander: Passionately advocates equal opportunity.
    Nancy Farmer: Prosecute discrimination and fund desegregation.
    Nancy Farmer: Recognize same-sex marriages.
    Harry Browne: Federal govt should be color-blind.
    Tim Johnson: Base affirmative action on income, not race.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Let gays serve in the military.
    Colin Bonini: Fewer regulations; more low-interest business loans.
    George W. Bush: More job training; R&D tax credits.
    Steve Sisolak: Decrease business taxes and capital gains taxes.
    Jim Rubens: Truth in sentencing: full sentence with no chance of parole.
    Angus King: Opposes the death penalty.
    Angus King: More prisons, but more alternative sentencing.
    Catherine Hanaway: No parole for repeat felons; yes on death penalty.
    Charlie Crist: Broaden use of federal death penalty.
    Charlie Crist: More federal prisons; more “truth in sentencing”.
    Charlie Wilson: Supports alternative sentencing & rehabilitation.
    Colin Bonini: More state prisons; plus less parole.
    Ed Perlmutter: Support the use of the death penalty.
    Ed Perlmutter: Alternative sentencing for non-violent offenders.
    Jay Nixon: Broaden use of death penalty; including drug traffickers.
    Jay Nixon: Impose “truth in sentencing” for violent criminals.
    Jeff Merkley: Opposes the death penalty.
    Jeff Merkley: Increase rehabilitation & alternatives to incarceration.
    John Bohlinger: Supports stricter sentencing, including death penalty.
    John Kitzhaber: Oppose the death penalty.
    John Kitzhaber: End parole for repeat violent felons.
    Kenny Guinn: Supports the death penalty.
    Kenny Guinn: End parole for repeat violent felons.
    Lee Fisher: Expand the use of the death penalty.
    Lee Fisher: More prisons; less parole for repeat violent felons.
    Lois Frankel: Death penalty but also alternative sentencing.
    Mark Takano: Mandatory life sentences and truth-in-sentencing.
    Matt Blunt: Supports the death penalty.
    Matt Blunt: More prisons; less parole.
    Mike Rounds: End parole for repeat violent felons.
    Paul Sadler: End parole for repeat violent felons.
    Robert Bentley: Expand use of death penalty; limit appeals.
    Robert Bentley: End parole for repeat violent felons.
    Roger Wicker: Broaden use of the federal death penalty.
    Roger Wicker: More prisons & more mandatory jail sentences.
    Barack Obama: Supports alternative sentencing and rehabilitation.
    George W. Bush: More prisons, privately built; more restitution.
    George W. Bush: Stricter penalties for sex, drugs, & drinking offenses.
    George W. Bush: Tort Reform: limits on lawsuit payments.
    George W. Bush: Prosecute kids as adults; more boot camps.
    Jeb Bush: Build more prisons; private contracts OK.
    Jeb Bush: Alternative sentencing & rehabiliation acceptable.
    Jeb Bush: Supports death penalty.
    Jeb Bush: Stricter penalties for drug, sex, & gun offenses.
    John McCain: Pro-death penalty; more prisons; increased penalties.
    Rick Lazio: More prisons; stricter sentencing; death penalty.
    Tom Ridge: More prisons; more death penalty.
    Tom Ridge: Stricter penalties; less parole.
    Evan Bayh: Broaden use of death penalty.
    Evan Bayh: More prisons, more truth in sentencing.
    Michael Crapo: Broaden use of death penalty.
    Michael Crapo: More prisons, more truth in sentencing.
    Jim McGreevey: Expand the death penalty & life sentences.
    Jim McGreevey: Prosecute juveniles as adults; death penalty for 16-yr-olds.
    Bev Perdue: Expand the use of the death penalty.
    Bev Perdue: Support “truth in sentencing” & mandatory third-strike.
    Bill Richardson: Impose “truth in sentencing” for violent criminals.
    Bob Schaffer: Limit appeals on death row; sentence drug dealers to death.
    Brian Babin: Broaden death penalty; more truth-in-sentencing.
    Brian Schatz: End parole for repeat violent felons.
    Dean Barkley: Limit death row appeals; death penatly for drug trafficking.
    Dean Barkley: Supports truth-in-sentencing & victim restitution.
    Dino Rossi: Truth-in-sentencing & mandatory life for 3rd strike.
    Jeanne Shaheen: Broaden use of the death penalty.
    Jeanne Shaheen: Require truth in sentencing.
    Kate Brown: Supports community policing; opposes death penalty.
    Mary Landrieu: Broaden death penalty; limit appeals.
    Mary Landrieu: Impose “truth in sentencing” with no parole.
    Nick Lampson: Supports truth in sentencing; prosecute youths as adults.
    Nick Lampson: Capital punishment for drug traffickers; with limited appeal.
    Pat Roberts: Broaden death penalty; limit appeals.
    Pat Roberts: Impose “truth in sentencing” with no parole.
    Rick Weiland: Truth in sentencing: full sentence with no chance of parole.
    Rodney Davis: Expand death penalty; limit aappeals.
    Rodney Davis: Mandatory life sentences for third-time felons.
    Steve Beshear: Impose “truth in sentencing” for violent criminals.
    Steve Beshear: Limit death penalty appeals; impose it for drug traffickers.
    Steve Sisolak: More prisons; more death penalty; more mandatory minimums.
    Ted Strickland: Alternative sentencing for adult first-time felons.
    Alan Keyes: Supports capital punishment.
    Bob Smith: Broaden use of death penalty; limit death row appeals.
    Bob Smith: More prisons; more full sentences; more boot camps.
    Bob Smith: Stricter visas & chemical tracing to fight terrorism.
    Bob Smith: Prosecute juvenile murderers as adults.
    Dennis Kucinich: Focus on prevention, not punishment.
    Lamar Alexander: Supports Capital Punishment.
    Nancy Farmer: No death penalty, more community policing.
    Nancy Farmer: Mandatory sentencing, but fund rehabilitation & alternatives.
    Harry Browne: Against capital punishment.
    Harry Browne: Pardon non-violent drug offenders to free prison space.
    Harry Browne: Against anti-terrorist laws, since the hurt the innocent.
    Jack Reed: Truth in sentencing, COPS, more penalties & prevention.
    Tim Johnson: Broaden use of death penalty.
    Tim Johnson: Truth in sentencing for violent criminals.
    Fred Thompson: Impose truth in sentencing for violent crime.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Supports truth-in-sentencing and death penalty.
    Mark Neumann: Impose "truth in sentencing" legislation.
    Catherine Hanaway: Stricter penalties for drug crimes, but rehab too.
    Catherine Hanaway: Strengthen sentences for drug-related crimes.
    Charlie Crist: More penalties against drugs; more funds for enforcement.
    Charlie Wilson: Strengthen penalties for drug-related crimes.
    Jay Nixon: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    John Bohlinger: Decriminalize medicinal marijuana.
    John Kitzhaber: Decriminalize medicinal marijuana.
    Mark Schauer: End mandatory minimum sentences for drug-related crimes.
    Mark Takano: Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
    Matt Blunt: Strength penalties for drugs, especially meth.
    Newt Gingrich: Increase penalties for illegal drugs.
    Paul Sadler: Strengthen drug penalties; also strengthen rehabilitation.
    Robert Bentley: Strengthen penalties for drug-related crimes.
    Roger Wicker: Stricter penalties for selling illegal drugs.
    John McCain: Stricter penalties; stricter enforcement.
    Rick Lazio: Stricter penalties for drugs; more funding & border security.
    Jim McGreevey: Strengthen penalties for drug-related crimes.
    Bev Perdue: Strengthen penalties for drug-related crimes.
    Bill Richardson: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    Bob Schaffer: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    Brian Babin: Mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
    Brian Schatz: Criminalize date-rape drugs as controlled substances.
    Dean Barkley: Mandatory jail sentences for selling drugs.
    Larry Pressler: Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
    Mary Landrieu: Capital punishment for drug traffickers.
    Mary Landrieu: Require drug testing for federal employees.
    Rick Weiland: More drug testing; more drug penalties.
    Rodney Davis: Strengthen penalties associated with drug-related crimes.
    Steve Beshear: More penalties; more testing; more drug war funding.
    Steve Stockman: Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
    Alan Keyes: Increase penalties for selling drugs.
    Bob Smith: More penalties & drug testing, more education & treatment.
    Mark Warner: Increase penalties for illegal drugs.
    Harry Browne: Govt has no Constitutional authority to prohibit any drugs.
    Harry Browne: No funding anti-gang programs; end Drug War to end gangs.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: More penalties; more enforcement; more drug treatment.
    Mark Neumann: More drug penalties; more anti-drug efforts.
    Jim Rubens: Support charter schools & school choice.
    Angus King: More teacher development; more school construction.
    Angus King: Include both abstinence and safe sex in sex-ed.
    Catherine Hanaway: State-funded vouchers for public & private schools.
    Charlie Crist: Allow vouchers for any public, private or religious school.
    Charlie Crist: Constitutional amendment for school prayer.
    Charlie Wilson: More funding for teachers.
    Colin Bonini: Vouchers for public, private, charters, & religious schools.
    Colin Bonini: Endorses teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
    Ed Perlmutter: Stress abstinence in sex education programs.
    Ed Perlmutter: Increase teacher funding & school construction.
    Ernie Fletcher: Guarantee right to prayer in public schools.
    Ernie Fletcher: Supports vouchers & charter schools.
    Gary Johnson: Favors charter schools as one priority to improve education.
    John Bohlinger: More finds for hiring teachers & professional development.
    John Bohlinger: Endorses teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
    Kenny Guinn: Support charters & private investment in public schools.
    Kenny Guinn: Sex ed should stress abstinence but also safe sex.
    Lee Fisher: Encourage charters & corporate investment.
    Matt Blunt: Endorse teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
    Matt Blunt: Supports private investment in public schools.
    Robert Bentley: Supports moment-of-silence and teacher spanking law.
    Tommy Thompson: Teacher-led voluntary prayer in public schools.
    Barack Obama: Supports charter schools and private investment in schools.
    Barack Obama: Free public college for any student with B-average.
    George W. Bush: Bilingual ed; Corporate investment; Teachers Academies.
    George W. Bush: For charter schools; public school choice; vouchers.
    Jeb Bush: More funding for schools; merit pay for teachers.
    Jeb Bush: Focus on abstinence; end social promotion.
    Jeb Bush: Supports charter schools & vouchers.
    John McCain: More block grants; more teacher testing; more prayer.
    John McCain: Vouchers for any schools; more charter schools.
    Rick Lazio: Teacher testing; merit pay; block grants for teachers.
    Tom Ridge: Teacher-led voluntary prayer is OK.
    Tom Ridge: State-wide student testing; teacher re-certification.
    Tom Ridge: Vouchers for private & religious schools.
    Evan Bayh: Undecided on School Prayer Amendment.
    Jim Bunning: Supports School Prayer Amendment.
    Michael Crapo: Supports School Prayer Amendment.
    Bev Perdue: Supports character education & teacher-led voluntary prayer.
    Bev Perdue: Supports charter schools & public school choice.
    Bill Richardson: Provide parents with vouchers, even for religious schools.
    Brian Babin: Amendment for moment of silence in schools.
    Brian Babin: Vouchers for public, private or religious schools.
    Dean Barkley: No amendment for school prayer; don’t legislate morality.
    Dean Barkley: Supports charter schools & vouchers for public schools.
    Dino Rossi: Encourage more charter schools & more corporate investment.
    Jeanne Shaheen: Goals 2000: Maintain national standards.
    Kate Brown: More state funds for low-income districts.
    Larry Pressler: Support charters & vouchers; oppose Department of Education.
    Mary Landrieu: Amendment to allow voluntary prayer in public schools.
    Mary Landrieu: Supports vouchers and charter schools.
    Rick Weiland: No Constitutional Amendment for voluntary prayer in school.
    Rodney Davis: Vouchers for public, private, and religious schools.
    Steve Stockman: Vouchers for public, private or religious schools.
    Wayne Stenehjem: Supports charter schools; schools choice; & private funding.
    Bob Smith: Public, private & parochial vouchers; plus charters.
    Dennis Kucinich: Keep public education separate from private education.
    Mark Warner: No school prayer amendment.
    Nancy Farmer: Supports charter schools and privately-run schools.
    Harry Browne: No School Prayer Amendment.
    Harry Browne: Remove the federal government from education entirely.
    Harry Browne: Repeal taxes so parents can afford any school they choose.
    Jack Reed: No school prayer amendment.
    Jack Reed: Supports charter schools and Goals 2000.
    Tim Johnson: No school prayer amendment.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Supports national standards and National Service.
Energy & Oil
    John Bohlinger: Require clean-burning fuels; repeal electricity deregulation.
    John McCain: Supports alternative fuels, emission controls, & CWA.
    Gary King: Encourage cleaner burning fuels via tough standards.
    Steve Sisolak: Encourage cleaner burning fuels; but not Yucca.
    Bob Smith: Supports CWA, alternative fuels, & pollution credits.
    Jim Rubens: Reduce & make more flexible state environmental regulations.
    Catherine Hanaway: Self-audits for pollution instead of federal regulation.
    Catherine Hanaway: Self-audits and cost analyses instead of federal regulations.
    Colin Bonini: Suspend unfunded mandates for environmental protection.
    Dan Webster: Reauthorize the Endangered Species Act.
    John Bohlinger: Control SO2 emissions; fund recycling; no cyanide in mining.
    Mike Rounds: Determine environmental regulations by cost/benefit analysis.
    Mike Rounds: Allow private landowners to issue bounties for coyotes.
    George W. Bush: Amend ESA; more flexibility; no unfunded mandates.
    George W. Bush: Supports electric de-reg; pollution self-audits; recycling.
    Jeb Bush: Let industries “self-audit”; compensate for “takings”.
    Rick Lazio: More grazing & mining fees; promote pollution credits.
    Tom Ridge: Let industries audit themselves & then clean up.
    Tom Ridge: More flexibility in environmental regulation.
    Brian Babin: Limit endangered species list; sell pollution credits.
    Gary King: More recycling; more water & wildlife conservation.
    John Kasich: Strengthen Clean Water Act; increase federal grazing fees.
    Kate Brown: Supports watershed planning & reservoir drawdowns.
    Larry Pressler: More fees for mining and ranching; use cost-benefit analysis.
    Rick Weiland: Increase recycling; decrease pollution; strengthen CWA.
    Roy Cooper: Toughen environmental permitting & quality mandates.
    Steve Sisolak: Yes to cost/benefit analysis; no to Yucca.
    Steve Stockman: Limit number of Endangered Species habitats.
    Harry Browne: Protect environment via local trespassing laws.
    Harry Browne: Sell public lands; repeal all environmental laws.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Moratorium on new solid waste incinerators.
Families & Children
    Paul Sadler: Supports abstinence education in schools.
    Evan Bayh: Government cannot substitute for families.
    Michael Crapo: Legislate to support values & responsibility.
    Wayne Stenehjem: Supports sex-ed programs stressing abstinence.
    Bob Smith: Against Ameri-Corps National Service Program.
    Harry Browne: Repeal income tax so parents can afford education.
    Jack Reed: Moral responsibility is the other side of rights.
Foreign Policy
    John McCain: Pay dues to UN after UN reforms.
    John McCain: Cuba: No diplomatic and trade relations.
    Rick Lazio: Pay our UN debt.
    Bill Richardson: US military force only when US territory attacked.
    Brian Babin: Foreign aid should reflect US interests.
    John Kasich: Phase out economic aid to Russia & others.
    John Kasich: No diplomatic relations with Cuba nor Vietnam.
    Larry Pressler: Pay our UN dues; continue economic aid to Russia.
    Rick Weiland: Decrease foreign aid; review US-UN relationship.
    Steve Stockman: No foreign aid to Russia, nor any country except for defense.
    Bob Smith: No relations with Cuba & Vietnam; keep Radio Marti & others.
    Bob Smith: Russia: link aid to reform.
    Bob Smith: Foreign aid: only for disasters or US security interests.
    Bob Smith: Retaliatory tariffs OK against Cuba, China.
    Dennis Kucinich: Foreign aid for peace incentives, not conflict.
    Mark Warner: UN participation & economic aid only when within US interest.
    Harry Browne: Russia: No aid; no meddling; just free trade.
    Harry Browne: Replace all government aid with free trade.
    Harry Browne: Avoid arms trade; promote peace by free trade.
    Harry Browne: End foreign aid to individual countries as well as agencies.
    Harry Browne: Does not support funding US government radio overseas.
    Harry Browne: UN has failed to bring world peace -- so withdraw.
    Harry Browne: No import tariffs, regardless of human rights.
Free Trade
    Charlie Crist: Opposes NAFTA; supports tariffs; opposes Fast Track.
    Jay Nixon: Supports NAFTA & Fast Track; but also retaliatory tariffs.
    Mark Takano: Raise tariffs on nations that discourage US imports.
    Saxby Chambliss: Opposes NAFTA; supports retaliatory tariffs.
    John McCain: Pro-NAFTA, pro-GATT, pro-MFN, pro-Fast Track.
    Rick Lazio: Supports NAFTA; GATT; WTO; Fast-Track.
    Rick Lazio: Supports retaliatory tariffs; human rights as MFN factor.
    Bill Richardson: Supports NAFTA, GATT, & WTO.
    Brian Babin: Opposes NAFTA and GATT.
    John Kasich: Supports NAFTA and GATT.
    Larry Pressler: Supports NAFTA, GATT, WTO, and MFN.
    Nick Lampson: Opposes NAFTA, GATT, and the WTO.
    Rick Weiland: Tariff to oppose trade barriers; trade based on human rights.
    Steve Beshear: Opposes NAFTA; supports tariffs.
    Steve Stockman: Opposes NAFTA, GATT, WTO, and MFN.
    Bob Smith: Against NAFTA, GATT, & WTO.
    Dennis Kucinich: Retaliatory tariffs yes; GATT no.
    Mark Warner: Supports NAFTA, GATT, and WTO.
    Mark Warner: Consider human rights record for MFN status.
    Harry Browne: Cuba: Lift the trade embargo.
    Harry Browne: Against NAFTA and WTO.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Open East Asian markets.
Government Reform
    Angus King: Restrict and disclose all campaign donations & spending.
    Catherine Hanaway: No term limits; but yes to state campaign funding.
    Catherine Hanaway: Supports term limits but not contribution limits.
    Catherine Hanaway: No campaign spending limits; no state funding of campaigns.
    Charlie Crist: Supports term limits & instant contribution reporting.
    Charlie Wilson: Supports public funding for political camapigns.
    Colin Bonini: Supports term limits; opposes state campaign funding.
    Ed Perlmutter: Supports public funding for political campaigns.
    Ernie Fletcher: Enforce existing campaign finance laws.
    Gary Johnson: No limits on corporate or PAC campaign donations.
    Jay Nixon: Free TV to candidates who agree to campaign spending limits.
    Jeb Bush: No campaign spending limits; no public financing.
    Jeff Merkley: Spending limits on campaigns, plus full disclosure.
    John Bohlinger: Supports term limits & campaign contribution limits.
    John Kitzhaber: Limit individual campaign donations; require full disclosure.
    Kenny Guinn: No campaign spending limits; no public campaign funding.
    Lee Fisher: Campaign spending limits, but no state funding.
    Lois Frankel: Limit campaign contributions and campaign spending.
    Mark Takano: Unlimited PAC campaign contributions; with term limits.
    Matt Blunt: Limit campaign donations, but no public funding.
    Mike Rounds: Limit campaign contributions but not campaign spending.
    Newt Gingrich: Increase federal limits on individual campaign contributions.
    Paul Sadler: Limit PAC and other contributions to legislative campaigns.
    Robert Bentley: No campaign spending limits; no state funding of candidates.
    Roger Wicker: Remove limits on campaign financing, but require disclosure.
    Tommy Thompson: Limit individual, corporate, & PAC political contributions.
    George W. Bush: Term limits for state representatives and governors.
    John McCain: Supports multiple restrictions on campaign finance.
    John McCain: Supports term limits on Congress.
    Rick Lazio: Term limits: 12 years for Senate & House.
    Bill Richardson: Prohibit PAC contributions; restrict campaign spending.
    Bill Richardson: Supports line-item veto.
    Bill Schuette: Supports term limits and campaign finance disclosure.
    Bob Schaffer: Increase federal limits on individual contributions.
    Brian Schatz: Partial state funding for state level political campaigns.
    Dino Rossi: No campaign spending limits; but full & timely disclosure.
    Gary King: Spending limits on political campaigns, & state funding.
    Larry Pressler: Ban out-of-state contributions.
    Nick Lampson: Spending limits on congressional campaigns.
    Nick Lampson: Supports Line Item Veto.
    Roy Cooper: Limit campaign contributions from PACs and corporations.
    Steve Beshear: Campaign spending limits with reduced TV rates.
    Steve Sisolak: Limit campaign donations, but oppose partial state funding.
    Steve Sisolak: Term limits for governor & all state reps.
    Ted Strickland: Voluntary spending limits with free access to media.
    Ted Strickland: Supports line item veto.
    Wayne Stenehjem: Limit corporate campaign contributions, but not PACs.
    Alan Keyes: Campaign reform: No $ limits; full disclosure.
    Bob Smith: Supports Line Item Veto.
    Bob Smith: Term limits of 12 years for Senate & Congress.
    Lamar Alexander: Campaign Finance: fewer restrictions & fuller disclosure.
    Mark Warner: Supports line-item veto.
    Harry Browne: Eliminate almost all Departments and agencies.
    Harry Browne: Repeal all campaign finance laws, they favor incumbents.
    Harry Browne: Supports term limits on House (6 yrs) & Senate (12 yrs).
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Limit PAC campaign contributions.
Gun Control
    Charlie Crist: Repeal gun restrictions; allow concealed carry.
    Charlie Wilson: Require child-safety locks.
    Ed Perlmutter: Ban semi- automatics; require child-safety locks.
    Jay Nixon: Ban semi-automatic weapons; require child-safety locks.
    Jeff Merkley: Maintain restrictions on purchase & possession of firearms.
    John Kitzhaber: Increase restrictions on gun purchase and possession.
    Kenny Guinn: Allow concealed carry.
    Lee Fisher: Waiting periods; child safety locks; other restrictions ok.
    Mark Takano: National ban on sale of assault weapons.
    Matt Blunt: Repeal restrictions on purchase & possession of firearms.
    Paul Sadler: Maintain existing restrictions on firearms.
    Barack Obama: Ban semi-automatics, and more possession restrictions.
    George W. Bush: Ban machine guns; maintain existing gun restrictions.
    Jeb Bush: Concealed carry OK; supports instant background check.
    John McCain: Repeal existing gun restrictions; penalize criminal use.
    Rick Lazio: Ban assault weapons; maintain federal gun restrictions.
    Bev Perdue: Allow concealed carry.
    Bob Schaffer: Adhere to second amendment.
    Dean Barkley: Registration & restrictions ok, but allow concealed carry.
    Dino Rossi: Allow carrying concealed firearms.
    Gary King: Keep existing gun restrictions; allow concealed carry.
    John Kasich: Keep existing restrictions, but tighten up on terrorist guns.
    Larry Pressler: Concealed carry ok; repeal all bans on legal guns.
    Ron Paul: Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms.
    Ron Paul: Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms.
    Roy Cooper: Allow concealed carry; but also maintain gun restrictions.
    Steve Beshear: Maintain gun registration and gun restrictions.
    Steve Sisolak: Supports concealed carry.
    Ted Strickland: Repeal restrictions on law-abiding citizens owning firearms.
    Alan Keyes: No bans on legal firearms; allow concealed carry.
    Bob Smith: Ease ownership, registration, & concealed-carry laws.
    Nancy Farmer: Supports assault weapon ban and other restrictions.
    Harry Browne: Repeal all gun laws; Bill of Rights is “literal”.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Ban assault weapons & handgun sales to minors.
Health Care
    Catherine Hanaway: Supports tort reform; oppose state-run healthcare.
    Charlie Crist: Expand tax-free medical savings accounts.
    Colin Bonini: Supports healthcare tax incentives & tort reform.
    Colin Bonini: Supports tort reform to limit medical malpractice damages.
    Ernie Fletcher: Supports tax-free medical savings accounts.
    Jeb Bush: No physician-assisted suicide.
    John Bohlinger: Ensure healthcare for uninsured children.
    Mike Rounds: Healthcare to all citizens isn’t government’s responsibility.
    Roger Wicker: Expand tax-free medical savings accounts.
    Saxby Chambliss: Expand tax-free medical savings accounts.
    Barack Obama: Ensure access to basic care.
    George W. Bush: More managed care; more tax incentives; no state guarantees.
    George W. Bush: Lower care costs; reform taxes; limit lawsuits.
    John McCain: Supports patient rights; regulate nicotine as a drug.
    Rick Lazio: Focus on prevention; patient rights; more coverage options.
    Tom Ridge: Guaranteed medical care is not a government responsibility.
    Bill Richardson: Supports managed competition & medical savings accounts.
    Bob Schaffer: Encourage tax-free medical savings accounts.
    Dean Barkley: Supports medical savings accounts & managed competition.
    Gary King: State funds for pre-natal care, basic care, and managed care.
    Kate Brown: Fund care for infants; disabled; seniors; & Oregon citizens.
    Pat Roberts: Encourage tax-free medical savings accounts.
    Steve Beshear: Support managed competition & healthcare tax incentives.
    Alan Keyes: For tax-free medical savings accounts.
    Bob Smith: Health-care vouchers; tax incentives; limit med.mal.
    Nancy Farmer: Citizens have access to basic health care.
    Harry Browne: Abolish FDA; get govt out of health care.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Women's health care concerns have been underfunded.
Homeland Security
    Saxby Chambliss: More military pay; more training; more new weapons.
    John McCain: List of defense-related spending priorities.
    Bill Richardson: Eliminate funding for SDI.
    Bob Schaffer: More enforcement at borders and anti-terrorism.
    Dean Barkley: Allow FBI to investigate domestic groups for terrorism.
    John Kasich: Limit federal agencies investigating suspected terrorists.
    Nick Lampson: Broader authority for FBI and INS for terrorism.
    Steve Beshear: Relax wiretapping restrictions.
    Harry Browne: De-fund CIA; decrease R&D for new weapons.
    Marjorie Margolies-Mezvinsky: Cut defense spending; support defense conversion.
    Ernie Fletcher: Establish English as the official language.
    Jay Nixon: Prohibit banning human services to illegal immigrants.
    Barack Obama: Extend welfare and Medicaid to immigrants.
    Carol Moseley-Braun: More federal aid and services for immigrants.
    John McCain: More help for legal immigrants when immigrating & once here.
    Rick Lazio: More aid for immigrants; more high-tech immigrant visas.
    Jim Bunning: Decrease immigration; make English official.
    Michael Crapo: Make English the official language.
    Bill Richardson: Reduce immigration; no automatic citizenship for kids.
    Bill Richardson: Guarantee human services to illegal immigrants.
    Dean Barkley: Extra federal aid for immigrants’ social services.
    John Kasich: Limit the number of legal immigrants, and their benefits.
    Larry Pressler: Support official English; oppose illegal alien benefits.
    Nick Lampson: Illegal immigrants should not receive any social services.
    Steve Beshear: More deportations; more border enforcement.
    Steve Stockman: Supports official English; opposes birthright citizenship.
    Alan Keyes: Expand legal immigration; curtail illegal immigration.
    Bob Smith: Fewer immigrants; less aid; Offical English.
    Lamar Alexander: Enforce against illegal immigrants; appreciate legal ones.
    Mark Warner: Limit social payments to immigrants; support English.
    Harry Browne: Maintain open borders; end war on immigration.
    Harry Browne: Ease immigration laws; no Official English.
    Jack Reed: Voted for 1996 Immigration Reform bill.
    Tim Johnson: For official English; against illegal immigrant citizenship.
    Colin Bonini: No affirmative action in state employment nor contracts.
    George W. Bush: Tax breaks, child care & bus fare for working recipients.
    Brian Babin: Opposes affirmative action programs.
    Bob Smith: Fund public works & job training for unemployed.
    Bob Smith: Raise grazing & mining fees; more cost-benefit analysis.
    Mark Warner: Increase minimum wage; support homeless job training.
Local Issues
    Kenny Guinn: No high-level nuclear waste at Yucca Mountain.
    Kenny Guinn: No state income tax; no casino tax.
Principles & Values
    George W. Bush: Diminish role of govt as communities & churches take over.
    Jeb Bush: Priorities: public education & public safety.
    John McCain: Priorities:Simplify taxes;restore schools;reform campaigns.
    Alan Keyes: #1: Restore the moral foundations of family life.
    Bob Smith: Moral rebirth begins with tax policies that help families.
    Bob Smith: Priorities: pay down debt; keep criminals in jail.
    Dennis Kucinich: Long list of legislative priorities in Congress.
    Harry Browne: Washington cannot be a source of moral leadership.
    Harry Browne: To improve values, govt out of education & drug enforcement.
Social Security
    Charlie Crist: Invest budget surplus into Trust Fund.
    John McCain: Put surplus into Trust Fund; fulfill promised benefits.
    Rick Lazio: Invest Social Security funds; privately or via Trust Fund.
    Evan Bayh: Private self-managed accounts OK.
    Jim Bunning: Private self-managed accounts OK.
    Michael Crapo: Privatized government-managed accounts OK.
Tax Reform
    Angus King: Decrease income taxes, but no flat tax.
    Catherine Hanaway: Decrease income taxes & corporate taxes; support flat tax.
    Charlie Crist: Replace income tax with a flat tax or national sales tax.
    Charlie Wilson: Supports progressive state income tax.
    Colin Bonini: Decrease corporate taxes and income taxes.
    Ed Perlmutter: Supports progressive state income tax.
    Jeff Merkley: No state sales tax.
    John Bohlinger: Replace property taxes with a 4% retail sales tax.
    John Kitzhaber: No state sales tax; no flat tax; increase gas tax.
    Mark Schauer: Decrease corporate tax; support individual flat tax.
    Paul Sadler: No state sales tax; decrease property tax.
    Robert Bentley: Supports flat tax structure for state income taxes.
    John McCain: More tax-deductible health costs; limits on malpractice.
    John McCain: Decrease taxes across-the-board; maintain deductions.
    John McCain: For flat tax; against nat’l sales tax & marriage penalty.
    Brian Schatz: No state flat tax; increase sin tax & decrease sales tax.
    Rick Weiland: Lower taxes on poor; higher taxes on wealthy.
    Bob Smith: Flat tax ok, consumption tax not.
    Nancy Farmer: Opposes flat-tax structure and majority vote on taxes.
    Harry Browne: Repeal taxes and don’t replace with sales tax nor flat tax.
    Mark Warner: Invest broadcast spectrum receipts into school Internet.
    Tim Johnson: Supports V-Chip & Internet porn & gambling bans.
War & Peace
    Rick Lazio: Supports military action against Iraq.
    Rick Lazio: Keep army in Bosnia; with a deadline.
    Mark Warner: Supports deployment of US troops to the former Yugoslavia.
    Harry Browne: Under no conditions should US be in former Yugoslavia.
Welfare & Poverty
    Catherine Hanaway: Limit welfare benefits when recipients have more kids.
    Gary Johnson: Re-negotiate gambling compacts with Native Americans.
    Jeff Merkley: Supports workfare and 2-year welfare limits.
    Lee Fisher: Fund state social programs for teens; pre-K; at-risk youth.
    Lois Frankel: Training, transport, and childcare for welfare recipients.
    Mark Takano: 2-year limit on welfare benefits.
    Jeb Bush: Limit welfare benefits; supports welfare-to-work.
    Jeb Bush: Help welfare recipients into workforce.
    John McCain: Use tax code to address unemployment & working conditions.
    John McCain: More housing assistance; tax breaks against homelessness.
    John McCain: Pro-block grants; pro-welfare-to-work.
    Rick Lazio: Tax incentives & vouchers to reduce homelessness.
    Rick Lazio: Continue welfare-to-work & block grants.
    Evan Bayh: Supports welfare-to-work & block grants.
    Jim Bunning: Supports welfare-to-work & block grants.
    Michael Crapo: Supports welfare-to-work & block grants.
    Jim McGreevey: Require unwed mothers to live at home to receive welfare.
    Jim McGreevey: Require work to receive welfare.
    Bill Richardson: Increase tax deduction for charities.
    Dean Barkley: Give private charities vouchers for welfare recipients.
    Rodney Davis: Advocate privately funded assistance to people in need.
    Sam Brownback: Two-year limit on welfare benefits.
    Sam Brownback: Fund welfare via block grants to states.
    Bob Smith: Apartment vouchers for homeless; more charity deductions.
    Bob Smith: Funds for hiring homeless; more enterprise zones.
    Dennis Kucinich: Work not welfare for those able to work.
    Mark Warner: Housing vouchers & tax incentives against homelessness.
    Mark Warner: Require work to receive welfare benefits.
    Harry Browne: End welfare completely; no entitlements to others’ earnings.
    Harry Browne: War on Poverty & rent control cause poverty & homelessness.
    Harry Browne: Supports enterprise zones; eliminate govt regulations.
    Harry Browne: End welfare; return to private compassion & charity.
    Jack Reed: Supports workfare; child support; programs for needy.
    Tim Johnson: Put all welfare recipients to work.

The above quotations are from 1994, 1996, 1997, and 1998 National Political Awareness Test, by Project Vote Smart.

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by Jesse Gordon and OnTheIssues.org
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